Alejandro Vivas

Alejandro Vivas is an Economist with a PhD (c) in Economy. He has over 30 years’ experience in economic and social consulting, policy evaluation and social projects, public utilities regulation, consultancies for private and public entities to formulate institutional strategies. He has been an advisor and consultant for the World Bank in regional development and competitiveness projects. He has extensive experience in the educational sector as an Associate Professor at Universidad Javeriana between 1996 and 2012, an Associate Professor at Universidad de Los Andes between 1991 and 1996. He was an invited professor at the University of Rome Tor Vergata, on an annual basis between 1997 and 2011 and at the University of Maryland during the fall of 1995.

Alvaro Reyes

Alvaro Reyes is an Electrical Engineering with a PhD in Economics. He is a founding partner of Econometria S.A. with more than 35 years of experience in consulting. His areas of interest are the creation of macroeconomic, microeconomic, economic regulation, public spending, competition, public utilities, employment and sectorial analysis studies. He was an advisor for the Mission to Design a Strategy to Reduce Poverty and Inequality for the National Planning Department (2005). He is a member of the Mission for Technical, Technological and Professional Training Education of MEN (2001). He was the technical coordinator for ECIEL in Brazil (1979 – 1982) for joint studies regarding economic integration in Latin America. International Consultant for the IDB and the World Bank. He has been a director and consultant in more than 150 of Econometria’s projects. He participated in the first three impact evaluations made in Colombia for flagship social programs of the national government, including Familias en Accion, Jovenes en Accion and Empleo en Accion, as a technical director for the latter. He is currently a member of the technical committee of the firm.

Bernardo Kugler

Bernardo Kugler was born in Armenia (then Caldas) in 1940. He graduated as a Civil Engineer from Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Class of ’62 and became a professor at the engineering Faculty after graduating. In 1965, he began his studies in Economics in the first class of the PEG (Graduate Economy Program) at Universidad de Los Andes. In 1967, he began his post-graduate studies at the University of Minnesota, with emphasis in mathematical and econometric models applied to economic development issues. After returning to Colombia in 1971, he published the first studies in the country on the profitability of education and its effect on employment, informality and unemployment. In a team with Manuel Ramirez and Alvaro Reyes, he directed the creation of the SERES Model (System to Study Economic and Social Relations in Colombia), a 5-year project that started at Universidad de los Andes and was completed at the CCRP (Regional Population Center), showing how the demographic transition in Colombia was occurring and its economic and social effects. He has a professor at several universities, a consultant or advisor for the Ministries of Education, Labor and Health and at affiliated institutions such as the DNP, the DANE and SENA. In 1984, he joined the World Bank where he directed projects for social sectors in America and Africa and the Ruta Social program, based out of Honduras and sponsored by the World Bank, the IDB and the OPS to promote economic and social development in Central American countries. In 2002, he joined the Universitat Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona as an economics and international economy professor.
In 1977, he founded the Economic Consultancy firm Econometria to pursue projects that would contribute to solving specific problems for private or public institutions. He was the first Director of the firm until it was duly incorporated in 1979. Before joining the World Bank, he directed two studies and in 2005 he directed a project to evaluate the Jovenes en Accion project.

Diego Sandoval

Diego Sandoval Peralta is an industrial engineer and economist with an MBA from Universidad de Los Andes and a M. Phil (Cand) in Economics from Oxford University. Until 2016 and for 30 years he was Econometria’s Director. He was also an advisor to the Ministry of Finance and Technical Secretary of the Mission to Adjust Coffee growing Institutionalism between 2002 and 2003, as well as a visiting professor at Oxford University. He has worked in several countries in Latin America, the Caribbean and Africa. He has participated in more than 150 projects as director or expert. His areas of specialization are structuring, economic and financial valuation of projects, evaluation of public policies and sectorial analysis in agriculture, transportation and regional development. He recently directed the Ex-ante Evaluation for the Subnormal Neighborhoods in Georgetown – Guyana Program for the IDB and the Formulation of the Social Inclusion and Productive Policy for poor and vulnerable population in Colombia. He directed the Institutional and Results Evaluation for the Anti-personnel Mines Policy (AICMA) for the DNP, the Qualitative evaluation of SISBEN III, the Results Evaluation of the National System of Protected Areas (SINAP), the Impact Evaluation of the Pacific Plan and the Formulation of a Comprehensive Assistance Policy for Early Childhood for the DNP. In 2016, he directed the formulation and application of a Model to Measure Incidence in Public Duties. He recently participated as an expert in economic evaluation of various types of projects financed by the National Royalty System (SGR); in the formulation of a model to measure socioeconomic and environmental impact in mining-energy expansion scenarios in the country for the UPME, the evaluation of the General Participation System SGP and the National Regional Consolidation Plan.

Manuel Ramírez

Manuel Ramirez Gomez is a civil engineer from Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. He was admitted to the new Graduate School of Economics at Universidad de Los Andes and later pursued Doctorate studies at Yale University (United States of America). He was born in Bogota on September 13, 1941. His research was partly based on Keynesian and equilibrium theories and economic and social development. He advised the National Planning Department, the Monetary Board and the Central Bank. In 2003, he won the Portfolio Award as Best University Professor. He was the President of the Colombian Academy of Economic Science and is a permanent professor at several universities, dean of the School of Economics at Universidad de Los Andes and contribute to the creation, development and consolidation of the Research Group of the School of Economics at Universidad del Rosario. He was the Director of Econometria between 1979 and 1984 and directed 44 studies and participated as an expert consultant in another 50 studies. His last work at Econometria was a project aimed at determining how to measure the impacts of the new General Royalty System on poverty, competitiveness, good governance and convergence in different regions of the country.

Rodolfo Heredia

Rodolfo Heredia is an Economist from the Universidad de los Andes (1965) and a Demographer from the Woodrow Wilson School of Princeton University (1966). He has a master's degree in sociology from the University of Chicago (1968) and doctoral studies at the same university (PhD (C)). He has over 30 years of experience in consulting and studies of urban development, social impact, socioeconomic, sociodemographic, education, employment, health, population, surveys and statistical analysis at a national level and in countries such as Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago.